18 August 2020 at 12:43 pm #2324adminKeymaster
I live in the Inner Circle, so my list consists of California English words. I’m STOKED to find out if any of these are more widespread 🙂
1. stoked! (excited)
2. hella (very, extremely – as in “I’m hella stoked to be here.” /”This movie was hella good.”)
3. gnarly (awesome OR awful – “These waves are gnarly!”)
4. NorCal and SoCal (Northern and Southern California)
5. the 5, the 8, the 163 – the article “the” is added in front of freeway names, which is not done on the East Coast.
6. sick (cool, awesome – “Sick board, bro” – I heard someone use the word “righteous” in the same way once, as in “Righteous hat, dude!”)
7. radical (or rad) – cool, awesome
8. lane camper – someone driving really slow in the left lane
9. dank (good)
10. a grip (a large amount of something)
To view past replies go to: https://changingenglishes.proboards.com/thread/10/non-standard-english-words
- This topic was modified 4 months, 1 week ago by admin.
15 November 2020 at 9:01 pm #3735Ahmed Abdullah AliMember
1. dank (good)
2. a grip (a large amount of something)
23 November 2020 at 4:27 am #3856Chaw Ei Ei WaingMember
I live in expanding country. So that, I love to see the other comments.
30 November 2020 at 3:20 am #4083Angelica Marie EstrabelaMember
I live in the Outer Circle. Since our country is colonized and influenced by America, most of the people in my country, particularly people living in the cities use English in daily communication. Most young people prefer using slang in informal settings and formal English is used in businesses (workplaces) and in school (academic English).
1 December 2020 at 3:15 pm #4114Buddhika DaladawaththaMember
As Sri Lankans, we belong to the outer circle and though we gained independence from the British rule, some elite and some ESL teachers too pathetically consider British English as the norm forgetting the fact of world Englishes.
The Sri Lankan variety of English is enriched with borrowing from the vernaculars(mainly, Sinhala and Tamil): ‘hansi putuwa’, ‘mala batha’,
Affixation as by adding suffixes: ‘thadeying’ ,double affixation as in ‘nurunurufying’ ‘poojafying’, empty morph and suffix: ‘podering’, abbreviations: terras, journos, coinages: peoplization, duplications: hot hot , tiny tiny, expressions such as ‘anee’ , ‘apoi’.
I’m debted to Professor Manique Gunasekara for all these examples in her book Post Colonial Identity of Sri Lankan English, and also I owe her a big salute for making us see language as something constantly changing and welcoming world Englishes as they are.
8 December 2020 at 2:43 am #4215Handoko HandokoMember
As Indonesian, English is a foreign language. Yet, some communities modify several English word, sudh as: Woles (Slow),
19 December 2020 at 11:15 am #4524Dauda PikawiMember
In Nigeria English is a language of the colonialist, Britain. Nigeria is a heterogeneous country with over 200 languages, this made the country to easily adopt English not only as an official language at first, but is now serving as a lingua Franca. The language has been diversely indiginized or ‘Nigerianized’ by the parculiarities of almost all the language groups. You hear speakers say:
I off it, I on it, I am offing and oning the phone (to mean switching on and off).
Dropping means to alight from a vehicle, branching means to check someone along the way. Sabiness is having knowledge, big man is someone rich or influential in the society.
Some of the perculiarities may not be unconnected to the influence of the Nigerian Pidgin; which is another area of discourse in relation to language dynamism.
30 December 2020 at 12:18 am #4690Deborah AyersMember
I live in an inner circle, but I am surrounded by people who have immigrated from outer circle and possibly expanding circle countries. Aside from a lot of slang that user est 1841 (admin) already pointed out, I hear a lot of words that are English, but being used in a different way than the native speakers might use them. The neighborhood I live in contains primarily Asian immigrants, so I do hear a variety of Englishes almost every day.
30 December 2020 at 3:56 pm #4705Pabasara PonnamperumaMember
I live in Sri Lanka. Sri Lanka belongs to Outer circle. There are commonwealth countries which are once colonized by the British people. It has norm-developing countries. Therefore, Sri Lanka too belongs to this particular category. In Sri Lanka, English language exists as a second language or an official language which uses in the official, educational and administrative matters. With the usage and its impact from mother tongue languages (Sinhala and Tamil), English language adopted within the country and consequently, it inspired both Standard Sri Lankan English and Non-Standard English (Non-pot Sri Lankan English). Furthermore, it is needed to mention the fact that still Sri Lankans aspire to reach for the Standard British variety of English. For instance; prepare students for British exams like IELTS, CIEP,YLE,KET,PET and etc. Some examples for the Standard Sri Lankan English variety as followed, machang, maddo, made-up saree, yala, maha, mahanayake and etc.
Meyler,M.2007. Dictionary of Sri Lankan English. Colombo: Michael Meyler
1 January 2021 at 4:31 am #4727Neill PorteousMember
In Korea –
Korean does not have friction sounds, so some English words can sound different – film can sound like pilm, coffee can sound like copee
Adding a vowel sound to some English words due to structure of Korean – juice = ju-suh
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